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cauline: Upon, arising from, or otherwise directly associated with the stem.[1]
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Example(s): Example sentences from FNA V3, V4, FOC V2021, V8 : [1] stipules herbaceous, usually adnate to petiole, cauline stipules basally connate, bifid; [2] Upper cauline leaves 1-pinnatisect or pinnatifid, subsessile, smaller than basal leaves.


  1. Categorical Glossary for the Flora of North America Project, by Robert W. Kiger and Duncan M. Porter. 2001. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation.