Darwin Core

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Please note that the Darwin Core information presented here may be out of date. The up-to-date, authoritative source is at http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/.

The Darwin Core (DwC) is a body of standards. It includes a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries. The Darwin Core is primarily based on taxa, their occurrence in nature as documented by observations, specimens, and samples, and related information.

Included are documents describing how these terms are managed, how the set of terms can be extended for new purposes, and how the terms can be used. The Simple Darwin Core [SIMPLEDWC] is a specification for one particular way to use the terms - to share data about taxa and their occurrences in a simply structured way - and is probably what is meant if someone suggests to “format your data according to the Darwin Core”.

Contributors: John Wieczorek (MVZ), Markus Döring (GBIF), Renato De Giovanni (CRIA), Tim Robertson (GBIF), Dave Vieglais (KUNHM)

Namespace URI: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ with preferred namespace prefix “dwc”.



 


Collections in Darwin Core:

Darwin Core Event  •  Darwin Core FossilSpecimen  •  Darwin Core GeologicalContext  •  Darwin Core HumanObservation  •  Darwin Core Identification  •  Darwin Core LivingSpecimen  •  Darwin Core Location  •  Darwin Core MachineObservation  •  Darwin Core Material Sample  •  Darwin Core Measurement or Fact  •  Darwin Core Organism  •  Darwin Core PreservedSpecimen  •  Darwin Core Record-level Terms  •  Darwin Core Resource Relationship  •  Darwin Core Taxon

Concepts in Darwin Core (grouped by collection):
Darwin Core Event
By label: Day  •  End Day Of Year  •  Event Date  •  Event ID  •  Event Remarks  •  Event Time  •  Field Notes  •  Field Number  •  Habitat  •  Month  •  Parent Event ID  •  Sample Size Unit  •  Sample Size Value  •  Sampling Effort  •  Sampling Protocol  •  Start Day of Year  •  Verbatim Date  •  Year
By concept name: dwc:day  •  dwc:endDayOfYear  •  dwc:eventDate  •  dwc:eventID  •  dwc:eventRemarks  •  dwc:eventTime  •  dwc:fieldNotes  •  dwc:fieldNumber  •  dwc:habitat  •  dwc:month  •  dwc:parentEventID  •  dwc:sampleSizeUnit  •  dwc:sampleSizeValue  •  dwc:samplingEffort  •  dwc:samplingProtocol  •  dwc:startDayOfYear  •  dwc:verbatimEventDate  •  dwc:year
Darwin Core FossilSpecimen
(No concepts defined yet.)
Darwin Core GeologicalContext
By label: Bed  •  Earliest Age Or Lowest Stage  •  Earliest Eon Or Lowest Eonothem  •  Earliest Epoch Or Lowest Series  •  Earliest Era Or Lowest Erathem  •  Earliest Period Or Lowest System  •  Formation  •  Geological Context ID  •  Group  •  Highest Biostratigraphic Zone  •  Latest Age Or Highest Stage  •  Latest Eon Or Highest Eonothem  •  Latest Epoch Or Highest Series  •  Latest Era Or Highest Erathem  •  Latest Period Or Highest System  •  Lithostratigraphic Terms  •  Lowest Biostratigraphic Zone  •  Member
By concept name: dwc:bed  •  dwc:earliestAgeOrLowestStage  •  dwc:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem  •  dwc:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries  •  dwc:earliestEraOrLowestErathem  •  dwc:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem  •  dwc:formation  •  dwc:geologicalContextID  •  dwc:group  •  dwc:highestBiostratigraphicZone  •  dwc:latestAgeOrHighestStage  •  dwc:latestEonOrHighestEonothem  •  dwc:latestEpochOrHighestSeries  •  dwc:latestEraOrHighestErathem  •  dwc:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem  •  dwc:lithostratigraphicTerms  •  dwc:lowestBiostratigraphicZone  •  dwc:member
Darwin Core HumanObservation
(No concepts defined yet.)
Darwin Core Identification
By label: Date Identified  •  Identification ID  •  Identification Qualifier  •  Identification References  •  Identification Remarks  •  Identification Verification Status  •  Identified By  •  Type Status
By concept name: dwc:dateIdentified  •  dwc:identificationID  •  dwc:identificationQualifier  •  dwc:identificationReferences  •  dwc:identificationRemarks  •  dwc:identificationVerificationStatus  •  dwc:identifiedBy  •  dwc:typeStatus
Darwin Core LivingSpecimen
(No concepts defined yet.)
Darwin Core Location
By label: Continent  •  Coordinate Precision  •  Coordinate Uncertainty In Meters  •  Country  •  Country Code  •  County  •  Decimal Latitude  •  Decimal Longitude  •  Footprint SRS  •  Footprint Spatial Fit  •  Footprint WKT  •  Geodetic Datum  •  Georeference Protocol  •  Georeference Remarks  •  Georeference Sources  •  Georeference Verification Status  •  Georeferenced By  •  Georeferenced Date  •  Higher Geography  •  Higher Geography ID  •  Island  •  Island Group  •  Locality  •  Location According To  •  Location ID  •  Location Remarks  •  Maximum Depth in Meters  •  Maximum Distance Above Surface In Meters  •  Maximum Elevation In Meters  •  Minimum Depth in Meters  •  Minimum Distance Above Surface In Meters  •  Minimum Elevation In Meters  •  Municipality  •  Point Radius Spatial Fit  •  State Province  •  Verbatim Coordinate System  •  Verbatim Coordinates  •  Verbatim Depth  •  Verbatim Elevation  •  Verbatim Latitude  •  Verbatim Locality  •  Verbatim Longitude  •  Verbatim SRS  •  Water Body
By concept name: dwc:continent  •  dwc:coordinatePrecision  •  dwc:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters  •  dwc:country  •  dwc:countryCode  •  dwc:county  •  dwc:decimalLatitude  •  dwc:decimalLongitude  •  dwc:footprintSRS  •  dwc:footprintSpatialFit  •  dwc:footprintWKT  •  dwc:geodeticDatum  •  dwc:georeferenceProtocol  •  dwc:georeferenceRemarks  •  dwc:georeferenceSources  •  dwc:georeferenceVerificationStatus  •  dwc:georeferencedBy  •  dwc:georeferencedDate  •  dwc:higherGeography  •  dwc:higherGeographyID  •  dwc:island  •  dwc:islandGroup  •  dwc:locality  •  dwc:locationAccordingTo  •  dwc:locationID  •  dwc:locationRemarks  •  dwc:maximumDepthInMeters  •  dwc:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters  •  dwc:maximumElevationInMeters  •  dwc:minimumDepthInMeters  •  dwc:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters  •  dwc:minimumElevationInMeters  •  dwc:municipality  •  dwc:pointRadiusSpatialFit  •  dwc:stateProvince  •  dwc:verbatimCoordinateSystem  •  dwc:verbatimCoordinates  •  dwc:verbatimDepth  •  dwc:verbatimElevation  •  dwc:verbatimLatitude  •  dwc:verbatimLocality  •  dwc:verbatimLongitude  •  dwc:verbatimSRS  •  dwc:waterBody
Darwin Core MachineObservation
(No concepts defined yet.)
Darwin Core Material Sample
(No concepts defined yet.)
Darwin Core Measurement or Fact
By label: Measurement Accuracy  •  Measurement Determined By  •  Measurement Determined Date  •  Measurement ID  •  Measurement Method  •  Measurement Remarks  •  Measurement Type  •  Measurement Unit  •  Measurement Unit
By concept name: dwc:measurementAccuracy  •  dwc:measurementDeterminedBy  •  dwc:measurementDeterminedDate  •  dwc:measurementID  •  dwc:measurementMethod  •  dwc:measurementRemarks  •  dwc:measurementType  •  dwc:measurementUnit  •  dwc:measurementValue
Darwin Core Organism
By label: Associated Occurrences  •  Associated Organisms  •  Organism ID  •  Organism Name  •  Organism Remarks  •  Organism Scope  •  Previous Identifications
By concept name: dwc:associatedOccurrences  •  dwc:associatedOrganisms  •  dwc:organismID  •  dwc:organismName  •  dwc:organismRemarks  •  dwc:organismScope  •  dwc:previousIdentifications
Darwin Core PreservedSpecimen
(No concepts defined yet.)
Darwin Core Record-level Terms
By label: Access Rights  •  Basis of Record  •  Bibliographic Citation  •  Collection ID  •  Data Generalizations  •  Dataset ID  •  Dataset Name  •  Dynamic Properties  •  Information Withheld  •  Institution Code  •  Institution ID  •  Language  •  Modified  •  Owner Institution Code  •  References  •  Rights  •  Rights Holder  •  Type
By concept name: dcterms:accessRights  •  dcterms:bibliographicCitation  •  dcterms:language  •  dcterms:modified  •  dcterms:references  •  dcterms:rights  •  dcterms:rightsHolder  •  dcterms:type  •  dwc:basisOfRecord  •  dwc:collectionID  •  dwc:dataGeneralizations  •  dwc:datasetID  •  dwc:datasetName  •  dwc:dynamicProperties  •  dwc:informationWithheld  •  dwc:institutionCode  •  dwc:institutionID  •  dwc:ownerInstitutionCode
Darwin Core Resource Relationship
By label: Related Resource ID  •  Relationship According To  •  Relationship Established Date  •  Relationship Remarks  •  Resource ID  •  Resource Relationship ID
By concept name: dwc:relatedResourceID  •  dwc:relationshipAccordingTo  •  dwc:relationshipEstablishedDate  •  dwc:relationshipRemarks  •  dwc:resourceID  •  dwc:resourceRelationshipID
Darwin Core Taxon
By label: Accepted Name Usage  •  Accepted Name Usage ID  •  Class  •  Family  •  Genus  •  Higher Classification  •  Infraspecific Epithet  •  Kingdom  •  Name According To  •  Name According To ID  •  Name Published In  •  Name Published In Year  •  Nomenclatural Code  •  Nomenclatural Status  •  Order  •  Original Name Usage  •  Original Name Usage ID  •  Parent Name Usage  •  Parent Name Usage ID  •  Phylum  •  Scientific Name  •  Scientific Name Authorship  •  Scientific Name ID  •  Specific Epithet  •  Subgenus  •  Taxon Concept ID  •  Taxon ID  •  Taxon Rank  •  Taxon Remarks  •  Taxonomic Status  •  Verbatim Taxon Rank  •  Vernacular Name
By concept name: dwc:acceptedNameUsage  •  dwc:acceptedNameUsageID  •  dwc:class  •  dwc:family  •  dwc:genus  •  dwc:higherClassification  •  dwc:infraspecificEpithet  •  dwc:kingdom  •  dwc:nameAccordingTo  •  dwc:nameAccordingToID  •  dwc:namePublishedIn  •  dwc:namePublishedInYear  •  dwc:nomenclaturalCode  •  dwc:nomenclaturalStatus  •  dwc:order  •  dwc:originalNameUsage  •  dwc:originalNameUsageID  •  dwc:parentNameUsage  •  dwc:parentNameUsageID  •  dwc:phylum  •  dwc:scientificName  •  dwc:scientificNameAuthorship  •  dwc:scientificNameID  •  dwc:specificEpithet  •  dwc:subgenus  •  dwc:taxonConceptID  •  dwc:taxonID  •  dwc:taxonRank  •  dwc:taxonRemarks  •  dwc:taxonomicStatus  •  dwc:verbatimTaxonRank  •  dwc:vernacularName
All Concepts in Darwin Core:
By label: Accepted Name Usage  •  Accepted Name Usage ID  •  Access Rights  •  Associated Media  •  Associated Occurrences  •  Associated Organisms  •  Associated References  •  Associated Sequences  •  Associated Taxa  •  Basis of Record  •  Bed  •  Behavior  •  Bibliographic Citation  •  Catalog Number  •  Class  •  Collection Code  •  Collection ID  •  Continent  •  Coordinate Precision  •  Coordinate Uncertainty In Meters  •  Country  •  Country Code  •  County  •  Data Generalizations  •  Dataset ID  •  Dataset Name  •  Date Identified  •  Day  •  Decimal Latitude  •  Decimal Longitude  •  Disposition  •  Dynamic Properties  •  Earliest Age Or Lowest Stage  •  Earliest Eon Or Lowest Eonothem  •  Earliest Epoch Or Lowest Series  •  Earliest Era Or Lowest Erathem  •  Earliest Period Or Lowest System  •  End Day Of Year  •  Establishment Means  •  Event  •  Event Date  •  Event ID  •  Event Remarks  •  Event Time  •  Family  •  Field Notes  •  Field Number  •  Footprint SRS  •  Footprint Spatial Fit  •  Footprint WKT  •  Formation  •  Genus  •  Geodetic Datum  •  Geological Context  •  Geological Context ID  •  Georeference Protocol  •  Georeference Remarks  •  Georeference Sources  •  Georeference Verification Status  •  Georeferenced By  •  Georeferenced Date  •  Group  •  Habitat  •  Higher Classification  •  Higher Geography  •  Higher Geography ID  •  Highest Biostratigraphic Zone  •  Identification  •  Identification ID  •  Identification Qualifier  •  Identification References  •  Identification Remarks  •  Identification Verification Status  •  Identified By  •  Individual Count  •  Individual ID  •  Information Withheld  •  Infraspecific Epithet  •  Institution Code  •  Institution ID  •  Island  •  Island Group  •  Kingdom  •  Language  •  Latest Age Or Highest Stage  •  Latest Eon Or Highest Eonothem  •  Latest Epoch Or Highest Series  •  Latest Era Or Highest Erathem  •  Latest Period Or Highest System  •  Life Stage  •  Lithostratigraphic Terms  •  Living Specimen  •  Locality  •  Location According To  •  Location ID  •  Location Remarks  •  Lowest Biostratigraphic Zone  •  Machine Observation  •  Material Sample  •  Material Sample ID  •  Maximum Depth in Meters  •  Maximum Distance Above Surface In Meters  •  Maximum Elevation In Meters  •  Measurement Accuracy  •  Measurement Determined By  •  Measurement Determined Date  •  Measurement ID  •  Measurement Method  •  Measurement Remarks  •  Measurement Type  •  Measurement Unit  •  Measurement Unit  •  MeasurementOrFact  •  Member  •  Minimum Depth in Meters  •  Minimum Distance Above Surface In Meters  •  Minimum Elevation In Meters  •  Modified  •  Month  •  Municipality  •  Name According To  •  Name According To ID  •  Name Published In  •  Name Published In Year  •  Nomenclatural Code  •  Nomenclatural Status  •  Occurrence  •  Occurrence ID  •  Occurrence Remarks  •  Occurrence Status  •  Order  •  Organism  •  Organism ID  •  Organism Name  •  Organism Quantity  •  Organism Quantity Type  •  Organism Remarks  •  Organism Scope  •  Original Name Usage  •  Original Name Usage ID  •  Other Catalog Numbers  •  Owner Institution Code  •  Parent Event ID  •  Parent Name Usage  •  Parent Name Usage ID  •  Phylum  •  Point Radius Spatial Fit  •  Preparations  •  Preserved Specimen  •  Previous Identifications  •  Record Number  •  Recorded By  •  References  •  Related Resource ID  •  Relationship According To  •  Relationship Established Date  •  Relationship Remarks  •  Reproductive Condition  •  Resource ID  •  Resource Relationship  •  Resource Relationship ID  •  Rights  •  Rights Holder  •  Sample Size Unit  •  Sample Size Value  •  Sampling Effort  •  Sampling Protocol  •  Scientific Name  •  Scientific Name Authorship  •  Scientific Name ID  •  Sex  •  Specific Epithet  •  Start Day of Year  •  State Province  •  Subgenus  •  Taxon  •  Taxon Concept ID  •  Taxon ID  •  Taxon Rank  •  Taxon Remarks  •  Taxonomic Status  •  Type  •  Type Status  •  Verbatim Coordinate System  •  Verbatim Coordinates  •  Verbatim Date  •  Verbatim Depth  •  Verbatim Elevation  •  Verbatim Latitude  •  Verbatim Locality  •  Verbatim Longitude  •  Verbatim SRS  •  Verbatim Taxon Rank  •  Vernacular Name  •  Water Body  •  Year
By concept name: dcterms:accessRights  •  dcterms:bibliographicCitation  •  dcterms:language  •  dcterms:modified  •  dcterms:references  •  dcterms:rights  •  dcterms:rightsHolder  •  dcterms:type  •  dwc:Event  •  dwc:GeologicalContext  •  dwc:Identification  •  dwc:LivingSpecimen  •  dwc:MachineObservation  •  dwc:MaterialSample  •  dwc:MeasurementOrFact  •  dwc:Occurrence  •  dwc:Organism  •  dwc:PreservedSpecimen  •  dwc:ResourceRelationship  •  dwc:Taxon  •  dwc:acceptedNameUsage  •  dwc:acceptedNameUsageID  •  dwc:associatedMedia  •  dwc:associatedOccurrences  •  dwc:associatedOrganisms  •  dwc:associatedReferences  •  dwc:associatedSequences  •  dwc:associatedTaxa  •  dwc:basisOfRecord  •  dwc:bed  •  dwc:behavior  •  dwc:catalogNumber  •  dwc:class  •  dwc:collectionCode  •  dwc:collectionID  •  dwc:continent  •  dwc:coordinatePrecision  •  dwc:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters  •  dwc:country  •  dwc:countryCode  •  dwc:county  •  dwc:dataGeneralizations  •  dwc:datasetID  •  dwc:datasetName  •  dwc:dateIdentified  •  dwc:day  •  dwc:decimalLatitude  •  dwc:decimalLongitude  •  dwc:disposition  •  dwc:dynamicProperties  •  dwc:earliestAgeOrLowestStage  •  dwc:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem  •  dwc:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries  •  dwc:earliestEraOrLowestErathem  •  dwc:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem  •  dwc:endDayOfYear  •  dwc:establishmentMeans  •  dwc:eventDate  •  dwc:eventID  •  dwc:eventRemarks  •  dwc:eventTime  •  dwc:family  •  dwc:fieldNotes  •  dwc:fieldNumber  •  dwc:footprintSRS  •  dwc:footprintSpatialFit  •  dwc:footprintWKT  •  dwc:formation  •  dwc:genus  •  dwc:geodeticDatum  •  dwc:geologicalContextID  •  dwc:georeferenceProtocol  •  dwc:georeferenceRemarks  •  dwc:georeferenceSources  •  dwc:georeferenceVerificationStatus  •  dwc:georeferencedBy  •  dwc:georeferencedDate  •  dwc:group  •  dwc:habitat  •  dwc:higherClassification  •  dwc:higherGeography  •  dwc:higherGeographyID  •  dwc:highestBiostratigraphicZone  •  dwc:identificationID  •  dwc:identificationQualifier  •  dwc:identificationReferences  •  dwc:identificationRemarks  •  dwc:identificationVerificationStatus  •  dwc:identifiedBy  •  dwc:individualCount  •  dwc:individualID  •  dwc:informationWithheld  •  dwc:infraspecificEpithet  •  dwc:institutionCode  •  dwc:institutionID  •  dwc:island  •  dwc:islandGroup  •  dwc:kingdom  •  dwc:latestAgeOrHighestStage  •  dwc:latestEonOrHighestEonothem  •  dwc:latestEpochOrHighestSeries  •  dwc:latestEraOrHighestErathem  •  dwc:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem  •  dwc:lifeStage  •  dwc:lithostratigraphicTerms  •  dwc:locality  •  dwc:locationAccordingTo  •  dwc:locationID  •  dwc:locationRemarks  •  dwc:lowestBiostratigraphicZone  •  dwc:materialSampleID  •  dwc:maximumDepthInMeters  •  dwc:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters  •  dwc:maximumElevationInMeters  •  dwc:measurementAccuracy  •  dwc:measurementDeterminedBy  •  dwc:measurementDeterminedDate  •  dwc:measurementID  •  dwc:measurementMethod  •  dwc:measurementRemarks  •  dwc:measurementType  •  dwc:measurementUnit  •  dwc:measurementValue  •  dwc:member  •  dwc:minimumDepthInMeters  •  dwc:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters  •  dwc:minimumElevationInMeters  •  dwc:month  •  dwc:municipality  •  dwc:nameAccordingTo  •  dwc:nameAccordingToID  •  dwc:namePublishedIn  •  dwc:namePublishedInYear  •  dwc:nomenclaturalCode  •  dwc:nomenclaturalStatus  •  dwc:occurrenceID  •  dwc:occurrenceRemarks  •  dwc:occurrenceStatus  •  dwc:order  •  dwc:organismID  •  dwc:organismName  •  dwc:organismQuantity  •  dwc:organismQuantityType  •  dwc:organismRemarks  •  dwc:organismScope  •  dwc:originalNameUsage  •  dwc:originalNameUsageID  •  dwc:otherCatalogNumbers  •  dwc:ownerInstitutionCode  •  dwc:parentEventID  •  dwc:parentNameUsage  •  dwc:parentNameUsageID  •  dwc:phylum  •  dwc:pointRadiusSpatialFit  •  dwc:preparations  •  dwc:previousIdentifications  •  dwc:recordNumber  •  dwc:recordedBy  •  dwc:relatedResourceID  •  dwc:relationshipAccordingTo  •  dwc:relationshipEstablishedDate  •  dwc:relationshipRemarks  •  dwc:reproductiveCondition  •  dwc:resourceID  •  dwc:resourceRelationshipID  •  dwc:sampleSizeUnit  •  dwc:sampleSizeValue  •  dwc:samplingEffort  •  dwc:samplingProtocol  •  dwc:scientificName  •  dwc:scientificNameAuthorship  •  dwc:scientificNameID  •  dwc:sex  •  dwc:specificEpithet  •  dwc:startDayOfYear  •  dwc:stateProvince  •  dwc:subgenus  •  dwc:taxonConceptID  •  dwc:taxonID  •  dwc:taxonRank  •  dwc:taxonRemarks  •  dwc:taxonomicStatus  •  dwc:typeStatus  •  dwc:verbatimCoordinateSystem  •  dwc:verbatimCoordinates  •  dwc:verbatimDepth  •  dwc:verbatimElevation  •  dwc:verbatimEventDate  •  dwc:verbatimLatitude  •  dwc:verbatimLocality  •  dwc:verbatimLongitude  •  dwc:verbatimSRS  •  dwc:verbatimTaxonRank  •  dwc:vernacularName  •  dwc:waterBody  •  dwc:year


Darwin Core is published by Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) from the http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ namespace.

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